Oxford English Dictionary editor, John Simpson, explains how Japanese words entered English in three distinct historical phases.
Some commonly used English words of Japanese originBusiness/Politics: tycoon, Shogun, mikado
Weather: typhoon, tsunami
Religion: Zen, Shinto
Clothing: kimono, obi
Food: sushi, satsuma, miso, tempura, saki
Art/Culture/Design: bonsai, anime, origami, karaoke, haiku, manga, karate, judo, aikido, jujutsu, futon
|Origin: 布団 (futon)|
First known use: 1876
There is a more extensive list here, though this includes specialist words not commonly used by English speakers.
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