According to Henry Hitchings Language Wars (2011) these nations do not currently have an official primary language:
- UK see here
- USA though 20 states now have an official language — see here
- Australia 80 % speak English but not official
- Pakistan Urdu became official language in 2015 but not only spoken by 8% of population.
- Ethiopia Amharic is official language but most spoken is Oromo
- Costa Rica
About the English Language - Teaching Pack - only £2.99