Hanukkah is a Jewish festival in late November or early December.
It lasts eight days, starting from the 25th day of Kislev – the ninth month on the Hebrew ecclesiastical calendar. In 2016 it begins on the evening of December 24th.
Hanukkah in Hebrew means dedication and the festival celebrates the victory of the Macabees over the much larger Selucid (Greek) army. At stake in the battle was the Temple of Jerusalem.
What does the menorah represent?The key symbolic element of the festival is daily lighting of the nine candles on a special candle holder called hanukkah menorah - see picture above). One of these candles is separate from the other eight, usually kept higher. This commemorates a miracle recorded in the Talmud in which one day's oil was made to burn for eight days by the Temple's defenders.
Is it Hanukkah or Chanukhah?It can be either. There also seems to be flexibility about whether there should be a single or double k. The confusion emerges from the attempt to recreate the 'chet' sound in Hebrew
More on Hanukkah here
English Language Teaching Pack - only £1.99